2021 ESC/EACTS Guidelines for the management of valvular heart disease
28 Aug 2021
Decision making in VHD involves accurate diagnosis, timing of intervention, risk assessment and, based on these, selection of the most suitable type of intervention. These guidelines focus on acquired VHD, are oriented towards management, and do not deal with endocarditis, congenital valve disease (including pulmonary valve disease), or recommendations concerning sports cardiology and exercise in patients with cardiovascular disease, as separate guidelines have been published by the ESC on these topics.
Valvular Heart Disease
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Full text https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehab395