In order to bring you the best possible user experience, this site uses Javascript. If you are seeing this message, it is likely that the Javascript option in your browser is disabled. For optimal viewing of this site, please ensure that Javascript is enabled for your browser.
Did you know that your browser is out of date? To get the best experience using our website we recommend that you upgrade to a newer version. Learn more.

We use cookies to optimise the design of this website and make continuous improvement. By continuing your visit, you consent to the use of cookies. Learn more

Syncope (Guidelines on Diagnosis and Management of)

ESC Clinical Practice Guidelines

Guidelines version available to download
Published in 2009
Reference European Heart Journal (2009) 30, 2631–2671; doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehp298
Published in 2009
Reference Essential-Messages-Syncope
Published in 2009
Reference SYNCOP
Published in 2009
Reference Download the PDA Version
Published in 2009
Reference guidelines-Syncope-slides
Published in 2009
Reference CME Questions - Syncope
Table of contents: Full Text (ESC Clinical Practice Guidelines)


  • Preamble
  • Introduction

Part 1. Definition, classification & pathophysiology

  • Definition
  • Epidemiology
  • Prognosis
  • Impact of quality of life
  • Economic issues

Part 2. Initial evaluation, diagnosis, & risk stratification

  • Initial evaluation
  • Diagnostic tests

Part 3. Treatment

  • Treatment of reflex syncope and orthostatic intolerance
  • Cardiac arrhythmias as primary care
  • Syncope secondary to structural cardiac or cardiovascular disease
  • Unexplained syncope in patients with high risk of sudden cardiac death

Part 4. Special issues

  • Syncope in the elderly
  • Syncope in paediatric patients
  • Driving and syncope

Organizational aspects

  • Management of syncope in general practice
  • Management of syncope in the emergency department
  • Syncope (T-LOC) management unit