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Guidelines for Patients

What patients need to know

Based on ESC Clinical Practice Guidelines, these documents describe diagnosis and treatment recommendations based on medical and scientific evidence from healthcare professionals. They are intended to contribute to patients' understanding of their condition, to give them the knowledge and confidence to be involved in shared decision-making with their healthcare providers. It also provides suggestions on ways to take care of themselves, which is essential in the effective management of their disease.



Diabetes

CVD_diabetes_patient_GL_cover.pngPatients with diabetes are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease and having cardiovascular events, such as heart attacks, than patients without diabetes.

This guide provides an overview of the latest evidence-based recommendations related to cardiovascular disease and diabetes. In particular, it should help you to understand:

  • The different diseases that increase the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with diabetes
  • The treatments that are recommended to reduce cardiovascular risk
  • The lifestyle modifications that can help reduce cardiovascular risk

 

Download the guidelines 

This document is not intended as a guide on how the heart works, nor can it be exhaustive. If you want to know more about any of the topics in this document, there are links to the appropriate sections in the ESC Guidelines for the management of cardiovascular disease in patients with diabetes. People seeking more general information about cardiovascular disease prevention should visit the Healthy Heart website.

Cardio-oncology

Cover page - cardio oncology GL - patient version.PNGSome cancer treatments may harm the heart and circulation. This document provides an overview of the latest recommendations on how these side effects can be prevented, diagnosed and treated. It should help patients to understand the importance of:

  • Being treated by a multidisciplinary cardio-oncology team, which means having a
    team of doctors, nurses and other healthcare professionals involved in your care
  • Looking after your heart health, during and after cancer treatment
  • Paying particular attention to your heart health if you have previously had a heart attack, a stroke, an arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat) or you have high blood pressure, high cholesterol or diabetes
  • Making appropriate healthy lifestyle choices

Download the guidelines

This document is not intended as a guide on how the heart works, nor can it be exhaustive. If you want to know more about any of the topics in this document, there are links to the appropriate sections in the ESC Clinical Practice Guidelines on Cardio-oncology.

Chronic and acute heart failure (Updated 2023)

HF patient guidelines cover image.JPGThis guide for patients aims to provide an overview of the latest evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of heart failure. In particular, it should help patients to understand the:

  • main types of heart failure
  • medicines they may be offered
  • devices that might be considered appropriate
  • importance of being treated by a multidisciplinary team
  • importance of rehabilitation
  • importance of looking after themselves and managing their condition

Download the guidelines

This document is not intended as a guide on how the heart works, nor can it be exhaustive. The topics included in this document have links that will direct the interested reader to the appropriate sections in the 2021 Guidelines.

People seeking more general information about heart failure should visit the Heart Failure Matters website.

Cardiovascular disease prevention

Cover-image-CVDPrevention.PNGThis guide for patients aims to provide you with an overview of the latest evidence-based recommendations for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. In particular, it should help you to understand:

  • how cardiovascular disease risk is assessed
  • the importance of lifestyle modifications for the prevention of cardiovascular disease
  • treatments and treatment goals that may be considered appropriate based on your risk profile 

Download the guidelines 

This document is not intended as a guide on how the heart works, nor can it be exhaustive. 

People seeking more general information about cardiovascular disease prevention should visit the Healthy Heart website.

Pulmonary hypertension

elf-pulmonary-hypertension-patient-guidelines.JPGThe European Lung Foundation (ELF) has developed a patient version of the joint European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and European Respiratory Society (ERS) clinical guidelines for pulmonary hypertension (PH). This document summarises the key points from the clinical guidelines and explains what PH is and recommendations to diagnose and treat it. The document can be found on the ELF website.

Download the guidelines