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Cardiovascular Imaging Recommended Reading

List of key references prepared and regularly updated by the Education Committee

These articles have been judged as fundamental documents to guide medical practice in the field of Cardiovascular Imaging.

The references were selected for educational purposes only. The choice of references is not based on judgment of scientific merit or value.


  • Clinical Application of Echocardiography
  • Contrast Echocardiography
  • Stress echo (encompassing Doppler flow stress )
  • Deformation imaging (encompassing twist and torsion)
  • Real-time three-dimensional Echocardiography
  • Transesophageal Echocardiography
  • Valvular Heart Diseases
  • Echo and dyssynchrony
  • Setting up the echo lab
  • Atrial assessment
  • Dimensions, volumes and mass
  • Doppler derived non-invasive haemodynamics and recommendations on specific diseases
  • Systolic function and cardiac mechanics
  • Diastolic Function
  • Coronary Heart Disease
  • Primary Cardiomyopathies
  • Arterial Systemic hypertension
  • Right heart and Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
  • Pericardial Disease
  • Congenital Heart Disease
  • Cardiac masses and potential sources of emboli
  • Diseases of the Aorta
  • Emergency echocardiography
  • Intervention guiding echocardiography
  • Quality Assessment in Echocardiography

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Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance

  • Physics, Safety, Devices, methodology
  • Ischaemic Heart Disease
  • Myocardial disease (Cardiomyopathies, Myocarditis, and Non-ischaemic Heart Disease)
  • Pericardium
  • Vascular disease
  • Valvular heart disease
  • Cardiac masses/tumors
  • Congenital Heart Disease (and Adult Congenital Heart Disease)
  • Incidental findings
  • Novel techniques
  • Online resources

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Nuclear Cardiology & Cardiac Computed Tomography

Nuclear Cardiology

  • Physics, Instrumentation, Tracers
  • Radiation safety
  • Methodology
  • Clinical Imaging Protocols
  • Ischaemic Heart Disease
  • Cardiomyopathies, Other

Cardiac CT

  • Physics, quality and safety, radiation dose
  • Coronary CT angiography
  • Coronary calcium imaging
  • Atherosclerotic plaque imaging
  • Congenital heart disease and myocardial imaging
  • Functional imaging
  • Valvular heart disease


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