Read your latest personalised notifications
No account yet? Start here
Don't miss out
Ok, got it
Dr. Ines Frederix
Prof. Paul Dendale ,
We subsequently performed a combined exercise echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise test in order to investigate the cause of the patient’s main complaint. The main results of the cardiopulmonary exercise test are summarised in Table 1, those of the exercise echocardiographic examination in Table 2.
RER: Respiratory Exchange Ratio; HR: Heart Rate; VE: Minute Ventilation; MVV: Maximal Voluntary Ventilation; VO2: Oxygen consumption; VT1: First Ventilatory Threshold; OUES: Oxygen Uptake Efficiency Slope; W: Load.
W: Watt; PAPs: systolic pulmonary artery pressure; mPAP: mean pulmonary artery pressure; RV: right ventricle; FAC: fractional area change; CO: cardiac output; RVESPAR: right ventricular end-systolic pressure area relation; EF: ejection fraction; LV: left ventricle.
Access the ESC e-Learning Platform and discover the EAPC Sports Cardiology online courses. Not yet an EAPC Member?
Note: The views and opinions expressed on this page are those of the author and may not be accepted by others. While every attempt is made to keep the information up to date, there is always going to be a lag in updating information. The reader is encouraged to read this in conjunction with appropriate ESC Guidelines. The material on this page is for educational purposes and is not for use as a definitive management strategy in the care of patients. Quiz material in the site are only examples and do not guarantee outcomes from formal examinations.
Our mission: To reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease.
© 2020 European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved.