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Acute Pulmonary Embolism

Pocket Guidelines

Pulmonary Embolism
Acute Cardiac Care
Valvular, Myocardial, Pericardial, Pulmonary, Congenital Heart Disease
Pulmonary Hypertension
Venous Thromboembolism
Pulmonary Circulation, Pulmonary Embolism, Right Heart Failure

Publication Date: 2014

Chairperson: Stavros Konstantinides & Adam Torbicki

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Table of Contents

  • Introduction
    • Epidemiology
    • Predisposing factors
    • Pathophysiology
    • Clinical classification and initial risk stratification
  • Diagnosis
    • Clinical presentation
    • Assessment of clinical probability
    • Diagnostic strategies
  • Prognostic assessment
    • Clinical parameters
    • Imaging of the right ventricle by echocardiography or computed tomographic angiography
    • Laboratory tests, biomarkers and combined modalities
    • Prognostic assessment strategy
  • Acute phase treatment
    • Anti-coagulation
    • Thrombolic treatment
    • Surgical embolectomy
    • Percutaneous catheter-directed treatment
    • Venous filters
    • Therapeutic strategies
  • Duration of anti-coagultion
  • Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension
    • Diagnosis
    • Treatment
  • Specific treatment
    • Pregnancy
    • Pulmonary embolism and cancer
    • Non-thrombotic pulmonary embolism