Our mission is to become a worldwide reference for education in the field for all professionals involved in the process to disseminate knowledge & skills of Acute Cardiovascular Care.
Our mission is to promote excellence in clinical diagnosis, research, technical development, and education in cardiovascular imaging in Europe.
Our mission is to promote excellence in research, practice, education and policy in cardiovascular health, primary and secondary prevention.
Our mission is to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease through percutaneous cardiovascular interventions.
Improving the quality of life and reducing sudden cardiac death by limiting the impact of heart rhythm disturbances.
Our mission is to improve quality of life and longevity, through better prevention, diagnosis and treatment of heart failure, including the establishment of networks for its management, education and research.
The ESC Working Groups' goal is to stimulate and disseminate scientific knowledge in different fields of cardiology.
The ESC Councils' goal is to share knowledge among medical professionals practising in specific cardiology domains.
Sophia Antipolis, 20 July 2017: Nutrition advice aimed at children also improves parents’ diets, according to research published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.(1)
“Diets high in unsaturated fat and low in saturated fat have been associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular events and death in adults,” said lead author Dr Johanna Jaakkola, a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Turku, Finland. “Very little is known about the long-term effects of nutrition advice for children on the diets and health of parents.”
The longitudinal randomised Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project (STRIP) decreased the saturated fat intake and improved the cardiovascular health of children by recommending foods rich in unsaturated, instead of saturated, fat.
The current study examined whether the long-term dietary intervention focused on children was also associated with parental dietary intake and cardiometabolic risk factors over two decades of follow-up.
The primary results of the STRIP study have been previously reported.(2),(3) Briefly, the study included 1 107 infants and their parents who were recruited from well baby clinics in Turku, Finland, between 1989 and 1992. Families were randomly assigned to the dietary intervention (562) or control (545) groups.
The intervention group received dietary counselling at least once a year by a nutritionist from the child’s age of eight months to the age of 20 years. Counselling was first given only to the parents, and from the age of seven years, the children were also met alone. The main focus of the dietary intervention was to reduce the child’s intake of saturated fat and concomitantly increase the child’s unsaturated fat intake.
As previously reported, the repeated dietary counselling led to decreased saturated fat intake in the intervention children, and lower serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentration from infancy until 19 years of age.(2) For the current study, parental dietary intake was assessed by a one-day food record biennially from the child’s age of nine to 19 years. Weight, height, blood pressure, serum lipids, glucose and insulin of the parents were measured repeatedly from the child’s age of seven months until 20 years.
The investigators found that the child-oriented dietary counselling increased the intake of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats and decreased the saturated fat intake of intervention mothers and fathers compared to control parents between the child’s ages of nine and 19 years.
In addition, the child-oriented dietary counselling tended to decrease serum total and LDL concentrations in intervention mothers compared to control mothers. There was a similar trend in fathers but it was not statistically significant.
Dr Jaakkola said: “The child-oriented dietary intervention contributed advantageously to the parental diet in the long-term and tended to reflect lipid concentrations, particularly in mothers. Presumably all family members eat the same foods and thus child-oriented dietary counselling also affects parents’ diets.”
“Dietary intake may have been more strongly associated with maternal than paternal serum lipids because mothers might have more actively participated in the study and complied better with the diet,” she continued. “There is also the possibility that the improvement in the fathers’ diets was not strong enough to cause a statistically significant difference in serum lipids.” Dr Jaakkola concluded: “Our study emphasises that long-term dietary counselling directed at children may be an efficient way to also improve the diets of parents. These findings could be used to plan public health counselling programmes.”
ESC Press OfficeTel: +33 (0)4 89 87 24 83 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Sources of funding: This research was supported by The Academy of Finland (grant no. 206374, 251360, 276861), Finnish Cardiac Research Foundation, Juho Vainio Foundation, Finnish Cultural Foundation, Sigrid Juselius Foundation, and Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation.
References(1)Jaakkola JM, et al. Longitudinal child-oriented dietary intervention: Association with parental diet and cardio-metabolic risk factors. The Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. 2017. DOI: 10.1177/2047487317720286(2)Niinikoski H, et al. Effect of repeated dietary counseling on serum lipoproteins from infancy to adulthood. Pediatrics 2012;129:e704–e713.(3)Pahkala K, et al. Ideal cardiovascular health in adolescence: effect of lifestyle intervention and association with vascular intima-media thickness and elasticity (the Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project for children [STRIP] study). Circulation. 2013;127:2088–2096.
About the European Society of CardiologyThe European Society of Cardiology brings together health care professionals from more than 140 countries, working to advance cardiovascular medicine and help people lead longer, healthier lives.
About the European Journal of Preventive CardiologyThe European Journal of Preventive Cardiology is the world's leading preventive cardiology journal, playing a pivotal role in reducing the global burden of cardiovascular disease.
Our mission: To reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease
© 2017 European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved