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Improving the quality of life and reducing sudden cardiac death by limiting the impact of heart rhythm disturbances.
Our mission is to improve quality of life and longevity, through better prevention, diagnosis and treatment of heart failure, including the establishment of networks for its management, education and research.
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Dr Søren L. Kristensen, lead author, said: “Previous studies have shown an association between chronic inflammatory diseases (psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, celiac disease and IBD) and an increased incidence of venous- and arterial thrombotic disease (primarily heart attack and stroke). Researchers suggest the link is at least in part caused by inflammatory prothrombotic effects.”
He added: “However not many studies have investigated whether the risk of heart failure is elevated in patients with these inflammatory diseases, and none at all in patients with IBD. In the present study we aimed to clarify whether IBD patients had an increased risk of heart failure, and secondly whether this risk was correlated to periods of activity or ‘flares’ in the IBD.
He added: “When IBD patients had flares their risk of hospitalisation for heart failure was 2.5 times greater, and it was 2.7 times greater during persistent activity. There was no increased risk during the quiescent stages of IBD. Our findings suggest that efficient IBD treatment aimed at reducing the length and number of disease activity episodes might lower the risk of heart failure.”
Dr Kristensen continued: “We found an increased risk of hospitalisation for heart failure in IBD patients of all ages, not just older patients. Gastroenterologists and other health professionals need to be aware of the increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, including heart failure, in their daily handling of patients with IBD. It’s also important that they don’t neglect younger patients, who are also at cardiovascular risk.”
Dr Kristensen concluded: “There have been calls for patients hospitalised with IBD flares to receive thromboprophylaxis but such a general strategy needs more clinical validation. What is required is cardiovascular risk assessment of these patients, especially during IBD flares, so that heart failure and other cardiovascular complications can be detected early and treated appropriately.”
About the European Society of CardiologyThe European Society of Cardiology (ESC) represents more than 80 000 cardiology professionals across Europe and the Mediterranean. Its mission is to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease in Europe.About the Heart Failure Association (HFA)The Heart Failure Association (HFA) is a registered branch of the ESC. Its aim is to improve quality of life and longevity, through better prevention, diagnosis and treatment of heart failure, including the establishment of networks for its management, education and research.For practical information about heart failure aimed at patients, families and caregivers, visit the HFA’s Heart Failure Matters website. Did you want to tweet about our congress? - if you do, please use the official #heartfailure2014 hashtag! Thank youInformation for journalists attending Heart Failure 2014
ESC Press OfficeJacqueline Partarrieupress@escardio.orgTel: +33 6 22 83 45 76 (off site support number)
Our mission: To reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease
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