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About Cardiovascular Disease in Europe

2017 Statistics



Currently, there are more than 6 million new cases of CVD in the EU and more than 11 million in Europe as a whole, every year. With almost 49 million people living with the disease in the EU, the cost to the EU economies is high at €210 billion a year.

•    Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain the leading cause of mortality and a major cause of morbidity in Europe. However, statistics indicate that CVD mortality is now decreasing in nearly all European countries, including those of Central and Eastern Europe, which saw substantial increases until the beginning of the 21st century
•    Currently, there are more than 6 million new cases of CVD in the EU and more than 11 million in Europe as a whole, every year.
•    Smoking, alcohol consumption and levels of mean blood cholesterol are still the main CVD risk factors. But, the levels of other factors, such as the prevalence of overweight/obesity and diabetes, have increased considerably in recent decades.


•    Each year cardiovascular disease (CVD) causes 3.9 million deaths in Europe and over 1.8 million deaths in the European Union (1)
•    CVD causes 45% of all deaths in Europe and 37% in the EU  (1)
•    CVD is the main cause of death in men in all but 12 countries of Europe and is the main cause of death in women in all but two countries (1)
•    CVD by itself is the leading cause of mortality under 65 years in Europe
•    15% of CVD deaths in Europe are due to high blood sugar
•    Overall CVD is estimated to cost the European Union economy 210€ billion a year (1)
•    Of the total cost of CVD in the EU, around 53% (111€ billion) is due to health care costs, 26% (€54 billion) due to productivity losses and 21% (€45 billion) due to informal care of people with CVD (1)
•    Death rates from both ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke are generally higher in Central and Eastern Europe than in Northern, Southern and Western Europe (1)
•    CVD mortality is now falling in most European countries, including Central and Eastern European countries, which saw considerable increases until the beginning of the 21st century (1)
•    Smoking remains a key public health issue in Europe. Smoking rates have decreased across much of Europe, although the pace of decline has slowed and rates remain stable or are rising in some countries, particularly among women (1)
•    Women are now smoking nearly as much as men in several Northern and Western European countries and girls often smoke more than boys (1)
•    Fruit and vegetable consumption has increased overall across Europe in recent decades, while consumption of fat and energy has remained relatively stable in the EU (1)
•    Few adults in European countries participate in adequate levels of physical activity, with inactivity more common among women than men (1)
•    Levels of obesity are high across Europe and in the EU in both adults and children, although rates vary substantially between countries (1)
•    The prevalence of diabetes in Europe is high and has increased rapidly over the last ten years, growing by more than 50% in many countries (1)






(1) European cardiovascular disease statistics 2017 European Heart Network