According to the WHO measurement of risk factors of Non-Communicable Diseases the following indices were evaluated:
The investigation was done under the Health Ministry, involved a population cohort of 2400 individuals of the age of 18 years and older, who were randomized to receive a standardized questionnaire; 83, 3% of them answered (respondents). All results were collected and reviewed according to evidence-based clinical protocols which provided the screening of the following CVD risk factors; detection of metabolic syndrome; clinical management of essential hypertension in adults during the measurement of blood pressure; monitoring of treatment of hypertension;
In summary, our investigation showed that only 3, 6 % of respondents have no risk factors for CVD. Hyperglycaemia or impaired glucose tolerance occurred in 20, 2 % of cases. In both men and women excess of fatty food with low fruits /vegetables intake was observed; we also found reduced physical activity, and occurrence of overweight/obesity, which worsened with increasing age.
Interestingly, a division in the gender results appeared in respect to smoking and alcohol consumption, which were both more frequent in men than women. This survey also allowed us to determine that groups of patients with essential hypertension did not take their medication regularly. This investigation has been very instrumental for the development of CVD prevention tools at national level like:
The results of this investigation also led to an increase of quality of services with focus on Non-Communicable Diseases.
For more information, please contact: Dr Ulviya Zakiyeva (email)National CVD Prevention Coordinator in Azerbaijan
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