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WikiEcho topics

List of topics to be covered on WikiEcho

General principles of echocardiography

Physics of ultrasound : Assigned
Transducers : Free
Settings of the echocardiography machine : Assigned
Imaging principles of ultrasound : Assigned
Image storage principles : Free
Artifacts and pitfalls of imaging : Assigned
Biologic effects of ultrasound and safety : Assigned
Quality assurance of ultrasound instruments : Free
General principles of doppler echocardiography : Assigned
Spectral doppler : Free
Continuous wave doppler : Free
Colour doppler : Free

The echocardiographic examination

Basic imaging principles : Free
Transducer positions and views : Assigned
M-Mode echo : Free
Principles of echo measurements : Free
Special echocardiography techniques : Assigned
Anatomy of aorta : Free
Anatomy of the left ventricle : Assigned
Anatomy of the right ventricle : Assigned
Anatomy of mitral valve : Assigned
Anatomy of tricuspid valve : Assigned
Anatomy of aortic valve : Assigned
Effect on echo examination on arrhythmias and conduction disturbances : Assigned

Assessment of diameters, volumes and masses

Assessment of cardiac diameters : Free
Assessment of LV volume : Free
Assessment of RV volume : Assigned
Left ventricular mass : Assigned

Non-invasive hemodynamics derived from echo-doppler

Basic principles of non-invasive hemodynamics : Assigned
Principles of volume and flow measurement : Assigned
Normal antegrade intracardiac flows : Assigned
Assessment of intracardiac pressures : Assigned
Continuity equationAssigned Pressure half-time method : Assigned
Proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) : Assigned
Ventricular contractility assessment (dP/dt) : Assigned

Assessment of systolic function

Determinants of LV performance : Assigned
Global LV systolic function : Free
Regional systolic function : Assigned
Interdependence of LV and right ventricle : Assigned
Arterial-ventricular coupling evaluation by echocardiography : Assigned
Global RV systolic function : Assigned

Assessment of diastolic function

Basic principles of diastolic function assessment : Free
Mitral flow : Free
Pulmonary venous flow : Free
Velocity flow propagation by colour M-mode : Free
Echo-doppler approach to LV diastolic function : Free

Ischemic heart disease

Coronary anatomy and function : Free
Myocardial ischemia : Free
Myocardial infarction : Assigned

Heart valve diseases

Aortic stenosis : Assigned
Aortic regurgitation : Assigned
Pulmonary stenosis : Assigned
Pulmonary regurgitation : Assigned
Mitral stenosis : Assigned
Mitral regurgitation : Assigned
Mitral valve prolapse : Assigned
Tricuspid stenosis : Assigned
Tricuspid regurgitation : Assigned
Prosthetic valves : Assigned
Valvular heart disease associated with systemic conditions : Free 
Infective endocarditis : Assigned


Dilated cardiomyopathy : Assigned
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy : Assigned
Restrictive cardiomyopathy : Assigned
Infiltrative cardiomyopathy : Assigned
Arrhythmogenic RV dysplasia : Assigned
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy : Assigned
Cardiac transplantation : Assigned
Echo parameters in CRT patients selection : Assigned
Myocarditis : Assigned

Systemic and pulmonary hypertensive heart disease

Systemic hypertension : Free
Pulmonary heart disease (Cor Pulmonale) : Assigned

Pericardial disease

Pericardial effusion : Assigned
Pericardial tamponade : Assigned
Constrictive pericarditis : Assigned
Differential diagnosis constrictive pericarditis - restrictive cardiomyopathy : Assigned
Pericardial cysts : Assigned
Congenital absence of per icardium : Free

Congenital heart disease

Segmental approach to congenital heart echocardiography : Free
Congenital left ventricular outflow tract obstruction : Free
Congenital right ventricular outflow tract obstruction : Assigned
Atrial septal defect : Assigned
Ventricular septal defect : Assigned
Patent ductus arteriosus : Free
Atrioventricular septal defects : Free
Partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage : Assigned
Persistent left superior vena cava : Assigned
Ebstein’s anomaly : Free
Tetralogy of Fallot (and after repair) : Free
Coarctation of aorta : Assigned
Transposition of great arteries : Free

Masses, tumors and sources of embolism

Infectious masses : Assigned
Thrombi : Assigned
Cardiac tumors : Assigned
Mitral annulus calcification : Free
Cystic masses : Free
Extracardiac “masses” : Free
Structures mistaken for abnormal cardiac mass : Free

Diseases of the aorta

Aortic dissection : Free 
Thoracic aortic aneurysms : Assigned
Traumatic injury of the aorta : Free
Aortic atherosclerosis Assigned Sinus of Valsalva aneurysms : Assigned

Stress echocardiography

Basic principles of stress echocardiography : Free
Technical aspects of stress echocardiography : Free 
Interpretative aspects of stress echocardiography : Free
Accuracy  of stress echocardiography Assigned Dypiridamole stress Echo : Assigned
Dobutamine stress Echo : Free
Exercise Echocardiography : Assigned
Pacing stress echo Assigned :
Prognostic role of stress echo : Assigned
Myocardial viability : Assigned Stress echo for hemodynamics and valve diseaseAssigned

Contrast echocardiography

Bubble physics, pharmacology, safety : Assigned
Contrast agents : Assigned
Imaging instrumentation for contrast agents : Free

Real time three-dimensional echocardiography

Comparison between 2D and 3D : Assigned
Instrumentation : Assigned
Display : Assigned
Quantitation : Assigned

Tissue doppler and speckle tracking

Technique of tissue doppler imaging : Assigned
Technique of speckle tracking imaging : Assigned
Clinical applications : Assigned

Systemic diseases and other conditions

Athlete’s Heart : Free
Heart during pregnancy : Assigned
Carcinoid heart disease : Assigned