Our mission is to become a worldwide reference for education in the field for all professionals involved in the process to disseminate knowledge & skills of Acute Cardiovascular Care.
Our mission is to promote excellence in clinical diagnosis, research, technical development, and education in cardiovascular imaging in Europe.
Our mission is to promote excellence in research, practice, education and policy in cardiovascular health, primary and secondary prevention.
Our mission is to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease through percutaneous cardiovascular interventions.
Improving the quality of life and reducing sudden cardiac death by limiting the impact of heart rhythm disturbances.
Our mission is to improve quality of life and longevity, through better prevention, diagnosis and treatment of heart failure, including the establishment of networks for its management, education and research.
The ESC Working Groups' goal is to stimulate and disseminate scientific knowledge in different fields of cardiology.
The ESC Councils' goal is to share knowledge among medical professionals practising in specific cardiology domains.
During the past 2 decades, the dynamic nature of valvular heart disease has become a recognized phenomenon. Changes in loading conditions, heart rate, and ventricular contractility that occur with exercise can alter the physiological effects of valvular disease.1,2 Disparity between resting evaluation of valve dysfunction and patient symptoms is not uncommon. Stress echocardiography (SE) has emerged as a modality able to provide new diagnostic information by identifying dynamic changes in the severity of valve stenosis on exertion responsible for symptoms and evaluate the severity of valve disease in altered flow states.3 This review seeks to review critically the existing evidence base, identify new emerging prognostic markers, evaluate their role in clinical practice, and identify future directions for research.
Our mission: To reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease
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