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The current heart failure (HF) guidelines were published in 2008 and the cardiac pacing guidelines in 2007. In order to keep these guidelines up to date, it would be appropriate to modify the recommendations and levels of evidence according to the most recent clinical trial evidence. This Focused Update on the use of devices in heart failure 2010 is the first publication of its kind from the CPG. In contrast to previous guidelines, this focused update considers the characteristics of the patients included in the trials and contains several examples.
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