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Syncope (Guidelines on Diagnosis and Management of)

ESC Clinical Practice Guidelines

Antibradycardia Pacing
Guidelines version available to download
Published in 2009
Reference European Heart Journal (2009) 30, 2631–2671; doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehp298
Published in 2009
Reference Essential-Messages-Syncope
Published in 2009
Reference SYNCOP
Published in 2009
Reference Download the PDA Version
Published in 2009
Reference guidelines-Syncope-slides
Published in 2009
Reference CME Questions - Syncope
Table of contents: Full Text (ESC Clinical Practice Guidelines)


  • Preamble
  • Introduction

Part 1. Definition, classification & pathophysiology

  • Definition
  • Epidemiology
  • Prognosis
  • Impact of quality of life
  • Economic issues

Part 2. Initial evaluation, diagnosis, & risk stratification

  • Initial evaluation
  • Diagnostic tests

Part 3. Treatment

  • Treatment of reflex syncope and orthostatic intolerance
  • Cardiac arrhythmias as primary care
  • Syncope secondary to structural cardiac or cardiovascular disease
  • Unexplained syncope in patients with high risk of sudden cardiac death

Part 4. Special issues

  • Syncope in the elderly
  • Syncope in paediatric patients
  • Driving and syncope

Organizational aspects

  • Management of syncope in general practice
  • Management of syncope in the emergency department
  • Syncope (T-LOC) management unit




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