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Important cardiac anatomy for the electrophysiologist

EHRA webinar

03/11/2011 00:00 03/11/2011 00:00 Europe/Paris Important cardiac anatomy for the electrophysiologist

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European Heart Rhythm Association DD/MM/YYYY
Cardiovascular Development and Anatomy
Arrhythmias and Device Therapy

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Content of the course

Overview of the location of the heart and chambers, and the structure of the atria and ventricles.

Understand the spatial relationship of the cardiac chambers and valves to important cardiac and noncardiac structures.

Professor S. Yen Ho  and Dr Sabine Ernst

Key reference library


  • Ho SY. Overview of Cardiac Anatomy Relevant to Catheter Ablation. In: Wilber D, Packer D, Stevenson WG (eds). Catheter Ablation of Cardiac Arrhythmias: Basic Concepts and Clinical Applications. Blackwell Futura, USA, 2008: pages 3-19
  • Ernst S, Sanchez-Quintana D, Ho SY. Anatomy of the pericardial space and mediastinum: Relevance to epicardial mapping and ablation. Epicardial Interventions in Electrophysiology. Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics 2010;2(1):1-8

Conduction system

  • Ho SY, McCarthy KP, Ansari A, Thomas PS, Sanchez-Quintana D. Anatomy of the atrioventricular node and atrioventricular conduction system. J Bifurcation & Chaos 2003; 12:3665-3674
  • Sanchez-Quintana D, Cabrera C, Farre J, Climent V, Anderson RH, Ho SY. Sinus node revisited in the era of electroanatomical mapping and catheter ablation. Heart 2005;91:189-94

Atria and ventricles

  • Ho SY. Anatomic insights for catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia. Heart Rhythm 2009;6:S77-80
  • Faletra FF, Nucifora G, Ho SY. Imaging the atrial septum using Real-time three-dimensional transesophageal Echocardiography: Technical tips, normal anatomy, and its role in transseptal puncture. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2011 Jun;24(6):593-9
  • Ho SY, McCarthy KP. Anatomy of the left atrium for interventional electrophysiologists. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2010;33:620-627
  • Ho SY, Anderson RH, Sanchez-Quintana D. Atrial structure and fibres: morphological basis of atrial conduction. Cardiovasc Res 2002;54:325-336
  • Ho SY, Sanchez-Quintana D. The importance of atrial structure and fibres. Clin Anat 2009;22:52-63.
  • Ho S Y, Sanchez-Quintana D, Cabrera J A, Anderson R H. Anatomy of the left atrium: Implications for radio-frequency ablation of atrial fibrillation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 1999;10:1525-1533.
  • Cabrera JA, Ho SY, Climent V, Sanchez-Quintana. The architecture of the left lateral atrial wall: a particular anatomic region with implications for ablation of atrial fibrillation. Eur Heart J. 2008 Feb;29(3):356-62. 
  • Cabrera JA, Sanchez-Quintana D, Farre J, Rubio JA, Ho SY. The inferior right atrial isthmus: Further architectural insights for current and coming ablation technologies. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2005;16:402-8 
  • Cabrera JA, Ho SY, Sanchez-Quintana D. How anatomy can guide ablation in isthmic atrial flutter. Europace 2009;1:4-6.
  • Ho SY, Nihoyannopolous P. Anatomy, echocardiography, and normal right ventricular dimensions. Heart 2006;92 Suppl 1:i2-i13
  • Ho SY. Anatomy and myoarchitecture of the left ventricular wall in normal and in disease. Eur J Echocardiogr 2009; 10:iii3-7
  • Ho SY, Sanchez-Quintana D, Becker AE. A review of the coronary venous system:  a road less travelled. Heart Rhythm 2004;1:107-112