Our mission is to become a worldwide reference for education in the field for all professionals involved in the process to disseminate knowledge & skills of Acute Cardiovascular Care.
Our mission is to promote excellence in clinical diagnosis, research, technical development, and education in cardiovascular imaging.
Our mission is to promote excellence in research, practice, education and policy in cardiovascular health, primary and secondary prevention.
Our mission is to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease through percutaneous cardiovascular interventions.
Improving the quality of life and reducing sudden cardiac death by limiting the impact of heart rhythm disturbances.
Our mission is to improve quality of life and longevity, through better prevention, diagnosis and treatment of heart failure, including the establishment of networks for its management, education and research.
The ESC Working Groups' goal is to stimulate and disseminate scientific knowledge in different fields of cardiology.
The ESC Councils' goal is to share knowledge among medical professionals practicing in specific cardiology domains.
Prof. Massimo F. Piepoli
Prof. Jean-Paul Schmid,
Dr. Patrick Doherty,
Nordic walking enables a safe increase in exercise intensity and may be a more effective training method than walking without poles in patients with HF and healthy subjects A. Lejczak et al. Heart Failure Congress; Belgrade, Serbia: 19–22 May 2012 European Journal of Heart Failure Supplements (2012) 11 (S1), S165
The abstract by Lejczak and colleagues makes a positive contribution in terms of highlighting an alternative approach to increasing the intensity of exercise training in a patient group that is known to struggle with exercise. The study also reaffirms the relationship between the recruitment of more muscle groups and increased physiological demand. There is however a need to be cautious about the conclusion that Nordic walking is safe and beneficial for all categories of heart failure. The study population was very small and included only males in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II. It is clear from the literature that females respond differently to higher intensity exercise which limits generalisation of findings from this study. We also know that patients with class III and IV heart failure can gain substantially from exercise training but at the same time they show the poorest physiological response and carry a greater risk of cardiac events. Based on the available literature we are unable to say that 'Nordic walking' is effective and safe for class III and IV patients but we do support the idea of offering greater choice, in the mode and intensity of exercise, for patients with less severe heart failure.
Our mission: To reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease
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