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A black athlete with ECG anomalies

Dr Michael Papadakis, Sports Cardiology Quiz Section Editor

The case


  • A 28-year-old male footballer of African descent was referred to the Sports cardiology outpatient clinic for further evaluation following concerns over his 12-lead ECG that was performed as part of a screening session.
  • He had played professional football for 11 years 
  • Exercising 14 hours per week.
  • Asymptomatic with no significant family history of cardiac disease or sudden death. 


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Note: The views and opinions expressed on this page are those of the author and may not be accepted by others. While every attempt is made to keep the information up to date, there is always going to be a lag in updating information. The reader is encouraged to read this in conjunction with appropriate ESC Guidelines. The material on this page is for educational purposes and is not for use as a definitive management strategy in the care of patients. Quiz material in the site are only examples and do not guarantee outcomes from formal examinations.


Notes to editor

Dr Aneil Malhotra, Cardiology research fellow
Dr Michael Papadakis, Lecturer in Cardiology, St George’s University of London
Prof Sanjay Sharma, Professor of Clinical Cardiology, St George’s University of London