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Severe Aortic Stenosis and Coronary Artery Disease—Implications for Management in the Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Era: A Comprehensive Review

Valvular Heart Disease

Management of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) referred for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is posing challenges.
Due to limited and heterogeneous data on the prevalence and clinical impact of CAD on the outcomes of TAVR and the management strategies for CAD in patients undergoing TAVR, we performed a comprehensive review of the literature. Significant CAD is present in 40% to 75% of patients undergoing TAVR. The impact of CAD on outcomes after TAVR remains understudied. Based on existing data, not all patients require revascularization before TAVR.

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) should be considered for severely stenotic lesions in proximal coronaries that subtend a large area of myocardium at risk. Ongoing studies randomizing patients to surgical or percutaneous management strategies for severe AS will help provide valuable data regarding the impact of CAD on TAVR outcomes, the role of PCI, and its timing in relation to TAVR.


Notes to editor

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013;62(1):1-10
The content of this article reflects the personal opinion of the author/s and is not necessarily the official position of the European Society of Cardiology.