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Our mission is to promote excellence in research, practice, education and policy in cardiovascular health, primary and secondary prevention.
Our mission is to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease in Europe through percutaneous cardiovascular interventions.
Our mission is to improve the quality of life of the population by reducing the impact of cardiac rhythm disturbances and reduce sudden cardiac death.
Our mission is to improve quality of life and longevity, through better prevention, diagnosis and treatment of heart failure, including the establishment of networks for its management, education and research.
The ESC Working Groups' goal is to stimulate and disseminate scientific knowledge in different fields of cardiology.
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OUR MISSION: TO REDUCE THE BURDEN OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
OBJECTIVES Oral anticoagulation in mechanical heart valve recipients remains crucial, and vitamin K antagonists (VKA) are still the gold standard. Polymorphisms of vitamin K epoxide oxidase reductase (VKORC) and cytochrome p450 (CYP2C9) were recently found to influence VKA metabolism. We retrospectively investigated the prevalence of these genotypes and associated anticoagulation-related complications in our patients.METHODS Between August 1998 and August 2008, 563 patients received mechanical heart valve replacement in our institution. Of these, 179 completed a questionnaire on anticoagulation-related complications and consented to genetic analysis. We analysed polymorphisms of VKORC (−1639 G>A; 1173 C>T) and of CYP2C9 (*2, 144 C>T; *3, 359 A>C) by PCR and restriction analysis.RESULTS For VKORC−1639/1173 alleles, there were 62 (35%) patients with the combination GG/CC, 91 (51%) with GA/CT, 25 (14%) with AA/TT and 1 (1%) with AA/CT. Phenprocoumon (PC) dosage was related to VKORC polymorphism (P < 0.001) with lower doses required for AA/TT patients. Overall, there were 27 severe bleedings and 11 thromboembolic events. For GG/CC, the incidence of major bleeding events and thromboembolic events was 13 and 6%, respectively, and for AA/TT, it was 27 and 12%, respectively. Variation in international normalized ratio (INR) >1.5 was associated with severe bleeding complications (P = 0.025) and GA/CT patients were predisposed to INR variations >1.5 (P = 0.028). No influence of CYP2C9 polymorphism on PC dosage and anticoagulation-related complications was found.CONCLUSIONS VKORC polymorphism affects PC dosage and anticoagulation-related complication rates in mechanical heart valve recipients. Genotyping may help to identify patients at particular risk of anticoagulation-related complications
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