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Our mission is to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease through percutaneous cardiovascular interventions.
Improving the quality of life and reducing sudden cardiac death by limiting the impact of heart rhythm disturbances.
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OBJECTIVES Oral anticoagulation in mechanical heart valve recipients remains crucial, and vitamin K antagonists (VKA) are still the gold standard. Polymorphisms of vitamin K epoxide oxidase reductase (VKORC) and cytochrome p450 (CYP2C9) were recently found to influence VKA metabolism. We retrospectively investigated the prevalence of these genotypes and associated anticoagulation-related complications in our patients.METHODS Between August 1998 and August 2008, 563 patients received mechanical heart valve replacement in our institution. Of these, 179 completed a questionnaire on anticoagulation-related complications and consented to genetic analysis. We analysed polymorphisms of VKORC (−1639 G>A; 1173 C>T) and of CYP2C9 (*2, 144 C>T; *3, 359 A>C) by PCR and restriction analysis.RESULTS For VKORC−1639/1173 alleles, there were 62 (35%) patients with the combination GG/CC, 91 (51%) with GA/CT, 25 (14%) with AA/TT and 1 (1%) with AA/CT. Phenprocoumon (PC) dosage was related to VKORC polymorphism (P < 0.001) with lower doses required for AA/TT patients. Overall, there were 27 severe bleedings and 11 thromboembolic events. For GG/CC, the incidence of major bleeding events and thromboembolic events was 13 and 6%, respectively, and for AA/TT, it was 27 and 12%, respectively. Variation in international normalized ratio (INR) >1.5 was associated with severe bleeding complications (P = 0.025) and GA/CT patients were predisposed to INR variations >1.5 (P = 0.028). No influence of CYP2C9 polymorphism on PC dosage and anticoagulation-related complications was found.CONCLUSIONS VKORC polymorphism affects PC dosage and anticoagulation-related complication rates in mechanical heart valve recipients. Genotyping may help to identify patients at particular risk of anticoagulation-related complications
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