Our mission is to become a worldwide reference for education in the field for all professionals involved in the process to disseminate knowledge & skills of Acute Cardiovascular Care.
Our mission is to promote excellence in clinical diagnosis, research, technical development, and education in cardiovascular imaging.
Our mission is to promote excellence in research, practice, education and policy in cardiovascular health, primary and secondary prevention.
Our mission is to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease through percutaneous cardiovascular interventions.
Improving the quality of life and reducing sudden cardiac death by limiting the impact of heart rhythm disturbances.
Our mission is to improve quality of life and longevity, through better prevention, diagnosis and treatment of heart failure, including the establishment of networks for its management, education and research.
The ESC Working Groups' goal is to stimulate and disseminate scientific knowledge in different fields of cardiology.
The ESC Councils' goal is to share knowledge among medical professionals practicing in specific cardiology domains.
Aims There is uncertainty in identifying patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) with preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction, low flow, and low gradients (LFLG). Prior studies propose that these patients demonstrate significant concentric remodelling and decreased survival, while others suggest that they have features and survival similar to moderate AS.Methods and results We compared the clinical characteristics, echocardiographic features, and overall survival of LFLG AS patients (n = 38) to those with normal-flow, low-gradient (NFLG) severe AS (n = 75) and moderate AS (n = 70). Low-flow, low-gradient patients had the lowest end-diastolic volume index (43 vs. 54 vs. 54 mL/m2, P < 0.001), highest relative wall thickness (RWT) (60 vs. 49 vs. 48%, P < 0.001), and lowest septal mitral annular displacement (1.0 vs. 1.5 vs. 1.5 cm, P < 0.001). New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III/IV symptoms were the most frequent in the LFLG group (29 vs. 11 vs. 3%, P < 0.001). Survival at 3 years was significantly lower in LFLG compared with NFLG (P = 0.006) and moderate AS (P = 0.002), but not different between NFLG and moderate AS (P = 0.49). Higher NYHA classification (HR 1.77, 95% CI 1.22–2.57), RWT > 50% (HR 3.28, 95% CI 1.33–8.1), and septal displacement <1.1 cm (HR 3.93, 95% CI 1.96–7.82) but not low flow were independent predictors of survival in Cox proportional hazards analysis.Conclusion Preserved ejection fraction, LFLG AS patients exhibit marked concentric remodelling and impaired longitudinal functional—features that predict their poor long-term survival. Normal-flow, low-gradient AS patients have outcomes similar to moderate AS.
Our mission: To reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease
© 2017 European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved