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Contributor: Special thanks to Bernard Iung from the ESC Working Group on Valvular Heart Disease
Based on the 2014 ESC/ESA Guidelines on non-cardiac surgery: cardiovascular assessment and management
2015 ESC webinar on "Non-cardiac surgery in patients with cardiac disease: how to evaluate risks and how to manage the patients?" Watch the recording.
2015 ESC webinar on "The new ESC Guidelines on non cardiac surgery: how to individualise cardiac risk assessment and treatment?" Watch the recording.
Our mission: To reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease.
© 2019 European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved.