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How to decipher the mystery of a woman’s heart? A practical guide.

I Frederix, E Govaerts and P Dendale provide a practical guide on how to approach a woman with presumed ischemic heart disease (IHD).

Women remain underrepresented in most of current research on cardiovascular disease. This is despite the established presence of important gender differences for the majority of cardiac pathologies. Concurrently, the cardiovascular disease burden in middle-aged women is increasing relatively to men. This calls for action! The objective of this report is to provide the reader with a practical guide on how to approach a woman with presumed ischemic heart disease (IHD). Furthermore, it serves as a means to increase awareness for the female heart and to promote research exploring the fundamental biological differences that exist between men and women having an impact on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and/or treatment of cardiovascular disease. 



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