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Mitral valve replacement in patients with severely calcified mitral valve annulus: Surgical technique

Valvular Heart Diseases


Mitral annular calcification, a degenerative process affecting mostly elderly patients, is a formidable surgical challenge. Adoption of aggressive débridement is limited by risk of atrioventricular gr...

Notes to editor


Journal of thoracic and CV surgery (2013); 146 (1), 233-235
The content of this article reflects the personal opinion of the author/s and is not necessarily the official position of the European Society of Cardiology.